Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage repair: the effect of anatomical type and pulmonary vein stenosis on outcomes

Abstract Background Surgical repair of total anomalous venous drainage (TAPVD) is lifesaving. The operative mortality is reported between 4 and 35%. Anatomical type, obstructed presentation, associated single ventricle, and heterotaxy syndromes are thought to influence short- and long-term outcomes....

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Osman O. Al-Radi, Ahmed Elmahrouk, Mohamed Ismail, Abdelmonem Helal, Tamer Hamouda
Format: Article
Published: SpringerOpen 2020-02-01
Series:The Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Online Access: