Signal Transduction and Pathogenic Modifications at the Melanocortin-4 Receptor: A Structural Perspective

The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) can be endogenously activated by binding of melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSH), which mediates anorexigenic effects. In contrast, the agouti-related peptide (AgRP) acts as an endogenous inverse agonist and suppresses ligand-independent basal signaling activity (...

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Main Authors: Nicolas Heyder, Gunnar Kleinau, Michal Szczepek, Dennis Kwiatkowski, David Speck, Lucia Soletto, José Miguel Cerdá-Reverter, Heiko Krude, Peter Kühnen, Heike Biebermann, Patrick Scheerer
Format: Article
Published: Frontiers Media S.A. 2019-07-01
Series:Frontiers in Endocrinology
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